Duan Research Group

Hetero-integrated Nanostructures and Nanodevices


Van der Waals epitaxial growth of air-stable CrSe2 nanosheets with thickness-tunable magnetic order

Bo Li, Zhong Wan, Cong Wang, Peng Chen, Bevin Huang, Xing Cheng, Qi Qian, Jia Li, Zhengwei Zhang, Guangzhuang Sun, Bei Zhao, Huifang Ma, Ruixia Wu, Zhongming Wei, Yuan Liu, Lei Liao, Yu Ye, Yu Huang, Xiaodong Xu, Xidong Duan, Wei Ji, Xiangfeng Duan

Nat. Mater. (2021)

The discovery of intrinsic ferromagnetism in ultrathin two-dimensional van der Waals crystals opens up exciting prospects for exploring magnetism in the ultimate two-dimensional limit. Here, we show that environmentally stable CrSe2 nanosheets can be readily grown on a dangling-bond-free WSe2 substrate with systematically tunable thickness down to the monolayer limit. These CrSe2/WSe2 heterostructures display high-quality van der Waals interfaces with well-resolved moiré superlattices and ferromagnetic behaviour. We find no apparent change in surface roughness or magnetic properties after months of exposure in air. Our calculations suggest that charge transfer from the WSe2 substrate and interlayer coupling within CrSe2 play a critical role in the magnetic order in few-layer CrSe2 nanosheets. The highly controllable growth of environmentally stable CrSe2 nanosheets with tunable thickness defines a robust two-dimensional magnet for fundamental studies and potential applications in magnetoelectronic and spintronic devices.
UCLA, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
607 Charles E. Young Drive East, Box 951569
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1569
E-mail: xduan@chem.ucla.edu