Duan Research Group

Hetero-integrated Nanostructures and Nanodevices


High-order superlattices by rolling up van der Waals heterostructures

Bei Zhao, Zhong Wan, Yuan Liu, Junqing Xu, Xiangdong Yang, Dingyi Shen, Zucheng Zhang, Chunhao Guo, Qi Qian, Jia Li, Ruixia Wu, Zhaoyang Lin, Xingxu Yan, Bailing Li, Zhengwei Zhang, Huifang Ma, Bo Li, Xiao Chen, Yi Qiao, Imran Shakir, Zeyad Almutairi, Fei Wei, Yue Zhang, Xiaoqing Pan, Yu Huang, Yuan Ping, Xidong Duan, Xiangfeng Duan

Nature 591, 385-390 (2021)

Two-dimensional (2D) materials1,2 and the associated van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures3,4,5,6,7 have provided great flexibility for integrating distinct atomic layers beyond the traditional limits of lattice-matching requirements, through layer-by-layer mechanical restacking or sequential synthesis. However, the 2D vdW heterostructures explored so far have been usually limited to relatively simple heterostructures with a small number of blocks8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18. The preparation of high-order vdW superlattices with larger number of alternating units is exponentially more difficult, owing to the limited yield and material damage associated with each sequential restacking or synthesis step8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29. Here we report a straightforward approach to realizing high-order vdW superlattices by rolling up vdW heterostructures. We show that a capillary-force-driven rolling-up process can be used to delaminate synthetic SnS2/WSe2 vdW heterostructures from the growth substrate and produce SnS2/WSe2 roll-ups with alternating monolayers of WSe2 and SnS2, thus forming high-order SnS2/WSe2 vdW superlattices. The formation of these superlattices modulates the electronic band structure and the dimensionality, resulting in a transition of the transport characteristics from semiconducting to metallic, from 2D to one-dimensional (1D), with an angle-dependent linear magnetoresistance. This strategy can be extended to create diverse 2D/2D vdW superlattices, more complex 2D/2D/2D vdW superlattices, and beyond-2D materials, including three-dimensional (3D) thin-film materials and 1D nanowires, to generate mixed-dimensional vdW superlattices, such as 3D/2D, 3D/2D/2D, 1D/2D and 1D/3D/2D vdW superlattices. This study demonstrates a general approach to producing high-order vdW superlattices with widely variable material compositions, dimensions, chirality and topology, and defines a rich material platform for both fundamental studies and technological applications.
UCLA, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
607 Charles E. Young Drive East, Box 951569
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1569
E-mail: xduan@chem.ucla.edu